Financial rewards for damages caused by
mental injury at work
have increased over the past five years by as much as 700 per cent, according to a report released today by the Mental Health Commission of Canada (MHCC).
The report warns that a “perfect legal storm” is brewing in the area of
mental health protection
at work, and points to emerging responsibilities for employers to provide a
psychologically safe workplace.
October is Canada's Healthy Workplace Month and next week is Mental Illness Awareness Week.
The report entitled, Tracking the Perfect Legal Storm (2010), concludes that employers are confronted with a legal duty to maintain, not only a physically safe workplace, but also a psychologically safe workplace. Dr. Martin Shain of the University of Toronto, an academic lawyer and leading expert in workplace mental health issues, prepared the report for the MHCC.
According to Shain, the pressures of the modern workplace can lead to common mental health conditions, such as depression, anxiety and burnout, which can sometimes be characterized as mental injury.
Courts and tribunals are scrutinizing behavior that may cause mental injury to employees and legal actions are being taken in seven key areas of law, including human rights tribunals and Occupational Health and Safety law. These factors are converging to form what Shain calls a perfect legal storm, the MHCC said.
"Every single one of us is touched by mental illness at some point in our lives. It affects our families, friends and colleagues," said Dr. Jayne Barker, vice-president of policy & research and mental health strategy for the MHCC.
"It is estimated that mental illness costs the Canadian economy $51 billion per year in terms of health care service use, lost workdays and work disruptions. With 17 million workers in Canada, it is the responsibility of both employers and employees to protect and promote mental health in the workplace," she added.
The Perfect Legal Storm (2010) is an update of Shain's Stress at Work (2009) report, which first introduced the concept of a psychologically safe workplace. In both reports, Shain explains how Canadian courts and tribunals are:
• increasingly intolerant of workplace factors that threaten psychological safety
• ordering management to change workplace habits that threaten employee safety, health and well-being
• imposing increasingly large financial punishments for transgressions
"Judges, arbitrators and commissioners are becoming increasingly insistent upon more civil and respectful behaviour in the workplace and avoidance of conduct that could lead to mental injury. Overall, financial rewards for damages have increased in size over the past five years by as much as 700 per cent," Shain said.
Overall, Shain estimated that between $2.97 billion and $11 billion could be saved annually in Canada if mental injuries caused by the actions of employers were to be prevented.
"Employers who set a strategic goal for managing and improving workplace mental health will benefit from significant and sustainable gains in: productivity; recruitment and retention; cost reductions due to lower disability and absentee rates; conflict reduction, and operational success," adds Shain.
The MHCC is scheduled to meet with employers, union leaders and workplace health and safety and legal experts today, September 30, in Vancouver. The meeting will cover strategies, tools and support needed for employers to provide a psychologically safe workplace, the MHCC said.
"The business case for providing a psychologically safe workplace is clear. The Mental Health Commission of Canada encourages every organization to discuss these issues openly and start taking action to create a mentally safe work environment for all," Barker said.
To read the report and summary, visit the